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Rest on vacation - Bogota

Cidade do país - Colômbia

Temperatura média a noite: +3 - +16°C

Temperatura média a dia: +5 - +30°C

Classificação da cidade:

Custo de descanso:600 - 2 000

Bogota



Santa Fe de Bogota, city, capital of Colombia. Area over 600 km2. 2356 thousand inhabitants (1969, with suburbs). Located in a hollow on the western slope of the Eastern Cordillera at an altitude of over 2600 m; the temperature of the warmest month is 15 С, the coldest is –14 С. Railway junction. An airport. The Pan American Highway connects B. with Caracas (Venezuela) and Quito (Equador). An important economic, main political and cultural center of the country.

Trade and distribution center of East Columbia. Enterprises of food, textile, footwear, sewing, electrical, printing, chemical and other industries; near B. - the production of rubber tires and soda, the extraction of emeralds. The city is prone to earthquakes. B. forms a special district that is not part of the usual municipal system. The head of administration in B. is the mayor, who is considered by law the representative of the president; Acts issued by the mayor may be repealed by the government.

There is also an elected municipal council. B. founded in 1538 by the Spanish conquistadors in the area, which was the center of the ancient civilization of the Chibcha Indians. From 1598, B. - the capital of the Spanish general captainhood, and from 1739 - the vice-kingdom of New Granada. In 1819, B. was liberated from the Spaniards by S. Bolivar, who made it the capital of the Republic of Great Colombia. After the collapse of Great Colombia, B. became in 1831 the capital of the Republic of New Granada (from 1863 - the United States of Colombia; from 1886 - Colombia). Since the end of the 19th century B. becomes the center of the revolutionary movement of the country. During the 9th Inter-American Conference, held in B. in the spring of 1948, a progressive Colombian activist H. Gaitan was killed, which caused an armed uprising in the city, which then spread to other parts of the country. As a result of street fighting, the city center was destroyed and burned. In B. - a network of narrow streets stretching along the mountains.

On the main square of the Plaza Bolivar there is a cathedral (1572-1610, rebuilt in the spirit of classicism in 1807-22); richly carved colonial church (Santo Domingo, begun in 1577; San Francisco, 1569-1622; San Ignacio, 1625–35). In the 19-20 centuries. large public, business, and industrial buildings were built (National Capitol, 1847-1926; Tekendama Hotel, 1950–53: Clark Factory, 1953), new areas (Antonio Narinho, Christiana, 1967) with wide streets . In B. - State University and other higher educational institutions. National Museum, National Archaeological and Ethnographic Museum, Museum of Colonial Art, Museum of Gold (collection of ancient Indian gold products).скачать dle 11.0фильмы бесплатно

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