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Rest on vacation - Reykjavik

Cidade do país - Islândia

Temperatura média a noite: -2 - +10°C

Temperatura média a dia: -2 - +17°C

Classificação da cidade:

Custo de descanso:300 - 1000

Reykjavik


The distant Reykjavik (Reykjavik) is full of the true romance of the North - glaciers, snowy peaks, aurora borealis and white nights ... Moreover, despite being located near the Arctic Circle, it is not at all as harsh as one might think. Thanks to the Gulf Stream, it is no colder in winter than in central Russia, although strong winds, of course, make their own adjustments. The abundance of hot springs and volcanoes gave the whole of Iceland the nickname "country of fire and ice", and its capital is also amazing - it does not at all look like famous European cities.

History


The history of Reykjavik, like the whole of Iceland, began at the end of the 9th century, when the first Norwegian Viking ships landed on the northern shores of the Atlantic. Even the founder of the first settlement is known - it was the Norwegian Ingolf Arnarson, who arrived here in 874 with his family and squad. He left the homeland and moved to uninhabited lands in a conflict with the Norwegian authorities - Jarl Utley Skinny. This Viking came up with the name “Reykjavik”, which means “smoky bay” (because of the hot springs, the bay was really shrouded in clubs of steam).

By the middle of the 13th century, Iceland, which at that time already included several towns, came under the control of Norway, and by the end of the 14th century became the property of Denmark. The capital has grown into a large commercial and administrative center.
However, in 1627, Reykjavik was attacked by Barbary pirates led by the Dutchman Janson van Haarlem. The city was completely plundered and could only be restored by the 18th century thanks to the royal treasurer Magnusson who settled here. An enterprising Icelander opened a number of wool workshops in this place, the products of which became in great demand in the northern climate.

In 1786, Reykjavik gained the status of a city, although at that time it was not yet the official capital of Iceland. These lands, according to the union, were controlled by the Danish kingdom.

The state gained independence only in 1944, during the Second World War. Despite the fact that Denmark was captured by the Nazis in April 1940, Iceland remained neutral for some time. However, in May, the British landed on the coast of Reykjavik to prevent the landing of German troops. The Icelandic government allowed them to do this, but protested, demanding compensation for itself. And Britain promised not to interfere in the internal affairs of Iceland, to maintain its independence and to withdraw troops after the end of hostilities. So, in fact, it happened. In memory of the British in Reykjavik there were only semicircular steel houses - "Nissen's huts."
Today, this city is considered the northernmost capital of the world. Despite the fact that it has remained small, more than 60% of the population of Iceland lives here. However, this figure is only about 200 thousand people. But every year it is supplemented by thousands of tourists who are attracted by the majestic nature of the North.скачать dle 11.0фильмы бесплатно

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