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Rest on vacation - City Prague

Cidade do país - República Checa

Temperatura média a noite: -20 - +15°C

Temperatura média a dia: -20 - +26°C

Classificação da cidade:

Custo de descanso:300 - 800

City Prague


Prague is the capital of the Czech Republic; the largest metropolis and the most popular tourist center in Europe, receiving more than 6 million visitors annually. In this elegant and benevolent city, everyone who dreams is a little versed in the beauty of the architecture and the beer they want to visit. Since ancient times, Prague has been considered the most beautiful city in Europe, its names speak eloquently - "Golden Prague", "Stone Dream", "City of a Hundred Spiers". Prague is a narrow cobbled street, amazing Charles Bridge, many unique attractions, unforgettable Czech cuisine.

History


The exact date of the city's origin is unknown, but already in the 6th century, near the confluence of the Berounka and Vltava rivers, there were settlements and fairs. In the 9th century, Prague Castle began to form, and in the following century, Prague became the capital of the Czech Kingdom. In the 12th century, the city developed rapidly and became the capital of the Austro-Hungarian Empire.

During the Second World War, Prague was occupied by the Germans, but fortunately, hostilities hardly affected the architecture of the city.

In the Soviet period, a meter appeared in Prague, and the active construction of new districts took place.

After the Velvet Revolution and the overthrow of the communist regime, Prague became one of the most visited European cities, whose historic center is protected by UNESCO.

Today, the city's population is more than 1,300,000 people.

Climate


Prague's climate is mild continental, with a reasonably hot but not hot summer and mild winters with little snow. In winter, temperatures are around zero, rarely dropping to -10 . The average summer temperature is + 22 ... + 27 , sometimes there are hot days when the air heats up to + 35 . The rainiest months are May, July and August, the windiest are December, January and March. Although it is comfortable in Prague at any time of the year, the best time to visit the capital of the Czech Republic is spring and early autumn.

Nature


Prague lies on the banks of the Vltava River, which is 23 km long within the city limits. Its waters are bathed by eight islands, connecting with the city's bridges. In the territory of Prague, the river turns and flows into Laba.

The left bank of the Vltava is high and steep, and the right bank rises only slightly above the level of the river. In the territory of the city, the Berounka River also flows into the Vltava River.

Prague is located on nine hills (according to the Prague Information Service), creating an impressive panorama of the city's unique views, where the Prague Gardens occupy the last place - spacious green spaces.

Prague sights


The city is divided into 15 districts, which are numbered depending on the distance from the center, and on the map are located clockwise.

Prague 1 - the oldest district, considered the most beautiful and includes the historic districts of the Old Town (Old Town), Mala Strana and Prague Castle (Hradcany).

A walk through the Old Town is recommended to start from the Gate of the Gunpowder, following by Celetnaya Street, where you should pay attention to several objects of note: the mint building; the house “In the Black Mother of God” - a sample of Czech cubism; old house number 2, in which Kafka, Fausto and Petrarca lived.

Celetnaya Street will take you to the Old Town Square, famous for its abundance of attractions, the most famous of which is the astronomical clock with moving figures in the City Hall. Opposite the city hall is the Church of Our Lady of Tyn with its richest interior decoration - a beautiful example of Gothic style. You can enter the cathedral for free, but photos and filming are prohibited. The beauty of the interior with the church is rivaled by the church of São Nicolau, the style of this religious building is baroque.

In the center of the square stands a monument to the country's national hero, Jan Hus.

The historic Jewish Quarter (Josefov) is very interesting in the Old Place, where persecuted Jews began to settle in the 13th century. Today it is the only architectural complex of its kind in which old synagogues, a cemetery and a city hall have been preserved.

It is worth exploring the building of the oldest European University Karolinum and Clementum - a former college owned by an educational institution, now in the building is the National Library.

Prague Castle is one of the symbols of the Czech Republic, a large collection of unique castle buildings, included on the UNESCO World Heritage List and in the Guinness Book of Records.скачать dle 11.0фильмы бесплатно

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