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Rest on vacation - Ottawa

Cidade do país - Canadá

Temperatura média a noite: -25 - +15°C

Temperatura média a dia: -20 - +28°C

Classificação da cidade:

Custo de descanso:800 - 4 000

Ottawa



Ottawa was founded by British settlers in 1827. Initially, it was a small settlement whose inhabitants were engaged in the construction of the Rideau Canal: it was to connect the Ottawa River with Lake Ontario. The first name of Ottawa is Baytown (named after Colonel John Bai, who exercised control over construction work in the city). By the 1850s Bytown's territory expanded significantly, it quickly grew and developed, and in 1854 it received a new name - Ottawa (the river on which the city stands) is also called. The origin of the word "Ottawa" is associated with the name of one of the local Indian tribes, which for the French immigrants sounded like "utaue", and for the British - like "Ottawa". In a rough translation, it meant "merchants" or "money changers."

In 1858, Ottawa became the main city of the province, and in 1867 - the capital of the state of Canada. The issue of Ottawa’s approval as a capital city caused a lot of controversy, as there were other applicants for the role of the administrative center of the country - the larger Canadian cities of Toronto, Montreal and Kingston. Nevertheless, preference was still given to Ottawa: in this case, the remoteness of the city from the territory of the neighboring United States of America mattered. Given the tensions of political relations between Canada and the United States, the claims of the latter on part of Canadian territory, which led to the invasion of American troops in the valley of the St. Lawrence River and on the shores of the Great Lakes, the government of Canada decided that its capital could not be too close to the borders of a rival state.

After Ottawa was declared the main city of Canada, many newspapers spoke out on this subject with a fair amount of irony, since Ottawa was considered a rather poor city compared to the handsome Montreal, and in its immediate vicinity there were dense thickets of coniferous forests. Sarcastically-minded journalists called the newly-minted capital "a sawmill close to the North Pole," and the parliament, which was now in Ottawa, called "Westminster in the wilds."

Ottawa of the second half of the XIX century. really resembled a small provincial city rather than the capital of a large state. There were no interesting architectural structures, large cultural and entertainment facilities, only one-story houses prevailed, and the streets, even on holidays, remained not crowded. Residents of Toronto and Montreal considered Ottawa an ugly, uncomfortable and boring city.

Nevertheless, in the XX century. the situation has changed significantly. In the 1930s Ottawa's general reconstruction plan began to be developed. During this period, the issue of updating the architectural appearance of the capital attracted the attention of not only the provincial government, but also the federal authorities. Famous architects of France took part in creating the project for the new development of Ottawa, and these developments were very successful.
During World War II, Ottawa granted political asylum to the Queen of the Netherlands (this country was occupied by Nazi troops). During the war years, many residents of the Canadian capital fought on the side of the anti-Hitler coalition and participated in the liberation of the Netherlands from invaders. As a gift to the city, which took such an important part in the personal fate of the queen and the salvation of her country, the Dutch government began annually sending 100 thousand tulip bulbs to Ottawa. In the spring, Ottawa residents plant them on flowerbeds and lawns, and after a while a bright floral carpet spreads out on the streets of the capital - one of the best decorations of the city.

The most intensive construction of the city unfolded in the 1950-1980s. A special federal commission was formed to supervise the improvement of the streets and squares of the Canadian capital. In the last decades of the XX century. large architectural complexes were built here, which allowed Ottawa to become one of the most attractive cities in Canada and all of North America.

Government and other government agencies were located in the capital, while industry developed intensively mainly in Vancouver and Montreal. Thus, at present, the capital does not play a global role in the country's economy, and as before remains only its political and administrative center. The headquarters of the three leading political parties in Canada, the Liberal, the New Democratic, and the Progressive Conservative, are located in Ottawa. Conferences and meetings of representatives of these parties are often held in the capital's Chateau-Laurier hotel, a luxurious building built in the style of ancient castle architecture.скачать dle 11.0фильмы бесплатно

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